The next several verses in Nehemiah Chapter 3 describe the repair work done to some of the more prominent structures in Jerusalem. Several of these areas can be identified even as late as the times of the New Testament.
But the gate of the fountain repaired Shallun the son of Colhozeh, the ruler of part of Mizpah; he built it, and covered it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof, and the wall of the pool of Siloah by the king’s garden, and unto the stairs that go down from the city of David. – Nehemiah 3:15
This verse describes the repair of the fountain gate that was completed to the last detail including something that was not recorded at any of the previous gates. This one had a covering or roof. This area used to be outside the city wall, but it appear Manasseh enclosed the area for the king’s garden (1 Chr. 33:14).
After him repaired Nehemiah the son of Azbuk, the ruler of the half part of Bethzur, unto the place over against the sepulchres of David, and to the pool that was made, and unto the house of the mighty. – Nehemiah 3:16
Verse 16 tells about another man named Nehemiah who repaired around the pool made by Hezekiah (2 Kings 20:20). This area also included the burial area where King David’s body was laid to rest. This area was still intact during the New Testament times (Acts 2:29). This is a very important structure. Peter points to David’s sepulcher during his sermon in Acts 2 proving that David spoke prophetically about the resurrection of the Messiah from the dead.
After him repaired the Levites, Rehum the son of Bani. Next unto him repaired Hashabiah, the ruler of the half part of Keilah, in his part. After him repaired their brethren, Bavai the son of Henadad, the ruler of the half part of Keilah. And next to him repaired Ezer the son of Jeshua, the ruler of Mizpah, another piece over against the going up to the armoury at the turning of the wall. Nehemiah 3:17-19
Verses 17 through 19 record the work of the Levites in their own neighborhood and the wall that surrounded it. The armory is alluded to in Song of Solomon Chapter 4.
It is interesting to notice that there are several areas in Jerusalem that concern the Levites and/or the Temple. This is significant for us to understand. The focus of the Jewish life was the Temple. Jesus Christ made the final perfect offering of Himself for our sins. Therefore, the focus is removed from the Temple and should be on Him and His church to the same degree. We should be as devoted to the Lord through our church as the Jews were to the Temple in Jerusalem.
The church is the bride of Christ. When we meet together, it is the most important place on earth!